Actualités comptables
Abus de majorité : tous d’accord, c’est quand même abusif ?

Abus de majorité : tous d’accord, c’est quand même abusif ?

Publiée le vendredi 17 novembre 2023 à 00h00 dans Actu Juridique

Une décision prise à l’unanimité des associés peut-elle tout de même constituer un abus de majorité ? Réponse du juge, à une question qui vaut 83 000 €…

Unanimité des associés = pas d’abus de majorité !

L’associé majoritaire et l’associé minoritaire d’une société consentent une promesse de cession de l’intégralité des parts de cette société à un tiers acquéreur.

Peu après, les 2 associés, au cours d’une assemblée générale (AG), votent en faveur d’une prime de 83 000 € à verser à l’associé majoritaire, au titre de ses fonctions de dirigeant.

Quelques mois plus tard, les parts de la société sont vendues. L’acte de cession fait également mention du fait que l’AG a accordé une prime de 83 000 € à celui qui est désormais l’ex-associé majoritaire…

… une somme que l’acquéreur refuse de payer : pour lui, cette décision est contraire à l'intérêt social de la société et a été prise dans l'unique dessein de favoriser l’associé majoritaire au détriment de l’associé minoritaire. Elle est donc constitutive d’un abus de majorité… et mérite d’être annulée !

Mais pas pour le juge qui rappelle très clairement qu’une décision prise à l’unanimité des associés ne peut pas être constitutive d’un abus de majorité. 

L’acquéreur doit donc payer la prime de 83 000 € à l’ancien associé majoritaire.

Abus de majorité : tous d’accord, c’est quand même abusif ? - © Copyright WebLex

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