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Agriculteur : des fraises sans pesticide ?

Agriculteur : des fraises sans pesticide ?

Publiée le jeudi 04 novembre 2021 à 05h45 dans Actu Juridique

Parce que l’autorisation de mise sur le marché du dazomet a été retirée en France en avril 2021, les producteurs de fraisiers doivent recourir à une solution alternative pour désinfecter les sols. Or, il n’en existe aucune, selon eux. De quoi revenir sur l’interdiction d’utilisation du dazomet ?


Producteurs de fraisiers : retour du dazomet ?

Le dazomet est la substance active d’un produit phytosanitaire dont l'autorisation de mise sur le marché (AMM) a été délivrée en France pour la désinfection du sol (herbicide, fongicide, nématicide et insecticide).

Parce que cette substance a un impact néfaste sur l’environnement, la fréquence d'utilisation est limitée à tous les 3 ans sur une même parcelle, une profondeur minimale d’incorporation est imposée et les parcelles traitées doivent être immédiatement bâchées.

L'agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l'alimentation, de l'environnement et du travail (Anses) a mis en évidence une exposition trop importante des enfants habitants près des parcelles traitées. Pour cette raison, l’AMM du produit a été retirée en avril 2021.

Toutefois, de nouvelles études venant de Belgique démontrent que l’utilisation de ce produit serait possible sous réserve que des conditions de sécurité renforcées soient mises en place (bâchage étanche de 13 semaines et distance de sécurité d'au minimum 25 mètres avec les zones d'habitation).

L’Anses est donc actuellement en train d’étudier la possibilité de délivrer une nouvelle AMM pour le dazomet, si ces conditions de sécurité renforcées s’avèrent réellement efficaces.

Par ailleurs, le gouvernement rappelle aux producteurs de fraisiers qu’une solution alternative, pour le moment expérimentale, pourrait constituer une option intéressante : le traitement à l'eau ozonée.

A suivre…

Source : Réponse Ministérielle Brindeau, Assemblée Nationale, du 2 novembre 2021, n° 39894

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