Actualités comptables
Aides financières entre entreprises : toujours déductibles ?

Aides financières entre entreprises : toujours déductibles ?

Publiée le mercredi 12 octobre 2022 à 05h50 dans Actu Fiscale

Une société consent des avances de trésorerie à l’une de ses filiales qui rencontre des difficultés financières. Finalement, parce qu’elle pense ne jamais être remboursée, elle décide de provisionner ces sommes… Une provision qu’elle déduit ensuite de son propre résultat imposable. Ce que conteste l’administration fiscale… Pourquoi ?


Déduire une provision pour perte : attention à la nature de l’aide !

Une société accorde des avances de trésorerie, sans intérêts, à sa filiale qui rencontre des difficultés financières depuis des années. Mais au vu de la gravité de la situation, la société craint que ces sommes ne lui soient jamais remboursées.

Elle décide donc de provisionner cette « créance douteuse », qu’elle déduit ensuite de ses résultats imposables pour le calcul de son impôt sur les bénéfices.

Une erreur, selon l’administration fiscale, qui rappelle qu’en l’absence de relations commerciales entre la société et sa filiale, les avances de trésorerie ici consenties, même si elles sont remboursables, constituent une aide à caractère « financier »… non déductible par nature du résultat imposable de la société qui la consent.

Ce que confirme le juge, qui valide le redressement fiscal.

Source : Arrêt de la cour administrative d’appel de Nancy du 22 septembre 2022, n°21NC00302

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