Actualités comptables
Association : illustration pratique de la notion d’intérêt à agir

Association : illustration pratique de la notion d’intérêt à agir

Publiée le vendredi 26 janvier 2024 à 00h00 dans Actu Juridique

Une association décide de contester un permis de construire accordé à une société voulant créer une zone d’activités. À tort, estime la société puisque selon elle, l’objet social de l’association lui interdit de contester valablement le permis de construire. Un avis partagé par le juge ?

Association et intérêt à agir : que disent les statuts ?

Une société se voit accorder un permis de construire en vue de la création d’une zone d’activités. Une autorisation contestée par une association.

Mais une contestation qui doit être rejetée d’office sans même analyser les arguments de l’association, estime la société, puisqu’elle n’a pas d’intérêt à agir.

La société rappelle, en effet, que l’association a pour objet d'assurer la défense et la préservation du cadre de vie dans l'ensemble du département. Or le permis de construire litigieux, compte tenu de sa nature, du nombre de constructions autorisées, du choix d'implantation retenu ainsi que des caractéristiques du secteur dans lequel il doit être implanté, n’est pas susceptible de porter atteinte au cadre de vie défendu par l’association...

Sauf que les 3 bâtiments devant être construits totalisent une surface plancher de plus de 7 100 m² et sont destinés à accueillir des activités artisanales et commerciales, relève l’association.

Or ses statuts prévoient qu’elle défend et préserve « le cadre de vie contre toute atteinte qui y serait portée par la planification ou l'autorisation de surfaces destinées au commerce », notamment en veillant « à la légalité des autorisations d'urbanisme portant sur des surfaces destinées au commerce, y compris celles ne nécessitant pas la saisine de la commission départementale d'aménagement commercial ».

Elle a donc bien intérêt à agir et son action contre le permis de construire est parfaitement recevable.

Un raisonnement que valide le juge : la contestation du permis de construire par l’association est valable !

Association : vous avez intérêt à agir ? - © Copyright WebLex

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