Actualités comptables
Avis d’inaptitude : attention à son périmètre !

Avis d’inaptitude : attention à son périmètre !

Publiée le lundi 15 janvier 2024 à 00h00 dans Actu Sociale

Dans le cadre du licenciement pour inaptitude un employeur peut être exonéré de son obligation de reclassement. C’est le cas notamment lorsque le médecin du travail constate que l’état de santé du salarié fait obstacle à tout reclassement. Mais qu’en est-il lorsque l’avis d’inaptitude est limité à un seul établissement d’une entreprise multi-sites ? Réponse du juge.

Inaptitude : l’employeur doit-il rechercher un poste de reclassement sur un autre site ?

Un salarié est licencié à la suite du constat de son inaptitude par le médecin du travail.

Son avis d’inaptitude mentionne que son état de santé fait obstacle, sur le site, à tout reclassement dans l’emploi.

Toutefois, le salarié conteste ce licenciement : pour lui, l’employeur n’a pas honoré ses obligations en ne recherchant pas de poste de reclassement sur les autres sites de l’entreprise.

Il rappelle, en effet, que l’employeur n’était pas totalement exonéré de son obligation de reclassement puisque son avis d’inaptitude était circonscrit à 1 seul site et non à tous les sites de l’entreprise.

Ce dont l’employeur se défend : pour lui, la mention dans l’avis d’inaptitude en vertu de laquelle l’état de santé du salarié fait obstacle à tout reclassement dans un emploi suffit à l’exonérer de son obligation de reclassement, peu importe que le périmètre de cet avis soit circonscrit à 1 seul site.

Il n’avait donc pas à rechercher de postes de reclassement compatibles avec l’état de santé du salarié sur les autres sites avant de prononcer le licenciement.

« Non ! » tranche le juge : puisque l’entreprise comptait d’autres établissements, l’employeur aurait dû, au titre de son obligation de reclassement, rechercher de tels postes sur les autres sites qui appartenaient à l’entreprise.

Avis d’inaptitude : attention à son périmètre ! - © Copyright WebLex

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