Actualités comptables
C’est l’histoire d’un commerçant pour qui le monde est trop grand…

C’est l’histoire d’un commerçant pour qui le monde est trop grand…

Publiée le vendredi 17 février 2023 à 01h25 dans Histoires

C’est l’histoire d’un commerçant pour qui le monde est trop grand…

Un entrepreneur détient la licence exclusive de vente d’une marque de pneus en Polynésie. Il décide de vendre sa société et signe une clause de non-concurrence : il s’interdit d’exercer une activité similaire sur le même territoire que sa société pendant 5 ans…

Mais il crée une activité de vente d’accessoires auto… en Polynésie… « Impossible », conteste l’acheteur au regard de la clause de non-concurrence. « Inapplicable », conteste le vendeur : cette clause lui interdit d’exercer son activité sur le « territoire de son ancienne société ». Or, selon les statuts de cette société, le « territoire » s’entend de la Polynésie, de la France et de l’étranger. Un territoire trop étendu, donc une interdiction disproportionnée, et donc une clause de non-concurrence illicite…

« Non », conclut le juge : même si la clause ne le précise pas, il est évident qu’elle ne concerne que la Polynésie, puisqu’il s’agit du territoire attaché à la licence exclusive de distribution de pneus, objet de la vente…


Arrêt de la Cour de cassation, chambre commerciale, du 16 novembre 2022, n° 20-21113

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