Actualités comptables
Donation, présent d’usage : quelle différence ?

Donation, présent d’usage : quelle différence ?

Publiée le mercredi 14 juin 2023 à 00h00 dans Le coin du dirigeant

À la suite du décès de leur mère, un frère et une sœur sont en désaccord. Le motif : certaines sommes d’argent que la mère aurait versé au frère avant son décès. Une donation, pour la sœur, qui estime que cet argent doit être rapporté à la succession. Un présent d’usage, pour le frère, qui entend bien garder les « cadeaux » de sa mère. Qui a raison ?

Donation, présent d’usage : une distinction impérative !

Suite au décès de leur mère, une sœur demande à son frère de rapporter à la succession la somme de 23 697 € correspondant à des donations qu’il aurait reçue du vivant de leur mère.

Une demande que conteste le frère, notamment concernant deux retraits bancaires, d’une valeur respective de 2 200 € et 1 300 €. Pour lui, ces deux sommes ne sont pas des « donations », mais des « présents d’usage ».

Pour mémoire, les présents d'usage se définissent comme étant « les cadeaux faits à l'occasion de certains évènements, conformément à un usage, et n'excédant pas une certaine valeur » (anniversaire, mariage, etc.).

La distinction entre une donation et un présent d’usage est importante car contrairement aux donations, les présents d’usage n’ont pas à être rapportés à la succession... et ne sont donc pas soumis aux droits de succession.

Dans cette affaire, le frère soutient que les 2 retraits bancaires sont bien des présents d’usage, car compatibles avec les capacités financières de sa mère. En outre, il indique qu’à l’époque, il vivait avec elle et avait la charge de son entretien quotidien…

Sauf qu’il ne précise ni la nature des évènements à l’occasion desquels sa mère lui aurait fait de tels cadeaux, ni l’usage justifiant d’une telle gratification, constate le juge.

L’affaire devra donc être rejugée pour éclaircir ces points…

Donation, présent d’usage : quelle différence ? - © Copyright WebLex

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