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Expertise judiciaire : quand l’expert ne rend pas les documents confiés…

Expertise judiciaire : quand l’expert ne rend pas les documents confiés…

Publiée le vendredi 14 octobre 2022 à 05h54 dans Actu Juridique

Quand un expert judiciaire est nommé par le tribunal, les parties au procès doivent fournir les pièces nécessaires au déroulement de l’expertise. Lorsque celle-ci est terminée, l’expert a-t-il l’obligation de restituer ces documents ? Une question à laquelle le juge vient justement de répondre…


Experts judiciaires : vous avez une obligation de restitution des documents !

À la suite de la naissance difficile d’un enfant, son père décide d’attaquer l’établissement de santé public où a eu lieu l’accouchement, pour demander une indemnisation en raison des séquelles liées à l’intervention.

Un médecin-expert est désigné par le tribunal et se voit communiquer, dans le cadre de sa mission, certaines pièces composant le dossier médical de l’enfant… que ni l’intéressé, ni son père ne parviennent à récupérer, ce qui les décide à rechercher la responsabilité de l’expert et à lui demander des indemnités pour le préjudice moral subi.

« Je n’ai pas commis de faute ! », s’offusque l’expert, qui considère que la loi est muette au sujet de l’obligation de conservation et de restitution des pièces remises.

Une position avec laquelle les juges ne sont pas d’accord : ils rappellent, en effet, que l’expert doit restituer les pièces non dématérialisées au terme de ses opérations, sauf dispense des parties.

Ici, à défaut de dispense, l’expert qui ne conteste pas avoir reçu les pièces et qui n’est pas en mesure de les restituer, est fautif. Il doit donc indemniser le père et son enfant pour le préjudice moral subi.

Source : Arrêt de la Cour de cassation, 1re chambre civile, du 5 octobre 2022, no 21-12542

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