Actualités comptables
Faute : à qui la sanction ?

Faute : à qui la sanction ?

Publiée le jeudi 10 juin 2021 à 05h50 dans Actu Sociale

Au cours de son entretien professionnel, une salariée se voit reprocher des fautes par son supérieur hiérarchique qui demande l’application d’une sanction à son encontre. Sanction qui sera finalement un licenciement pour faute grave prononcé par l’employeur. Ce qui est impossible, conteste la salariée qui s’estime déjà sanctionnée par son supérieur hiérarchique…


Faute : une seule sanction, mais quelle sanction ?

A la suite d’un entretien professionnel avec une salariée de son équipe, un supérieur hiérarchique rédige un compte-rendu dans lequel il fait état de comportements fautifs. Il informe alors la salariée qu’il va demander l’application d’une sanction auprès de la direction et du service des ressources humaines.

Finalement, la salariée est convoquée à un entretien préalable, puis est licenciement pour faute grave. Mais la salariée conteste ce licenciement…

Elle estime que le compte-rendu du supérieur, qui liste divers manquements fautifs, constitue un avertissement qui est en soi une sanction. Prononcer son licenciement pour faute grave dans le but de sanctionner les mêmes manquements est impossible puisqu’une même faute ne peut pas être sanctionnée deux fois.

Mais l’employeur ne voit pas les choses de la même manière : il rappelle que l'auteur du compte-rendu a expressément indiqué qu'il se limitait à demander une sanction, la décision de l’appliquer relevant exclusivement de la direction et du responsable des ressources humaines.

A raison, confirme le juge pour qui il n’y a pas de double sanction : le compte-rendu du supérieur hiérarchique n’est, ici, pas constitutif d’un avertissement disciplinaire…

Source : Arrêt de la Cour de cassation, chambre sociale, du 27 mai 2021, n° 19-15507

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